Allergic Reactions

Allergies are quite common. A severe allergic reaction can quickly turn into a medical emergency.

Some things that cause a severe allergic reaction are:

Eggs, Peanuts, chocolate, some medications, insect bites and stings, especially bee stings.

Mild Allergic Reaction:

Stuffy nose, sneezing, and itching around the eyes.  Itching of the skin, raised, red rash on the skin (hives).

Severe Allergic Reaction:

Trouble Breathing. Swelling of the tongue and face. Signs of shock.


This is a severe, life-threatening allergic reaction. It occurs suddenly, and within seconds or minutes after contact with the allergen. Anaphylaxis requires immediate medical treatment, including epinephrine injection (if available) and a trip to the hospital.

Epinephrine is a drug that can stop a severe allergic reaction. It is available by prescription in a self-injectable pen device called an epinephrine pen. 

Many people who have an allergy carry an epinephrine pen. If the person responds, and has a epi-pen, help him get it. The person should know how to use it and can administer himself if necessary. 

Call 911 if the person doesn’t get better or if there is a delay greater than 10 minutes for advanced help to arrive. 

Using an Epinephrine Pen – Demonstration and skill testing.