There are basic guiding principles that are required to be followed in all First Aid emergency situations:
- First, assess the scene to ensure that it is safe for you and the victim. If it is not safe, do not enter. Do not become a victim. Contact 911 immediately.
- Calmly and swiftly assess the emergency and recognize the problem. Proceed with caution.
- It is critical to call for professional help immediately based on the seriousness of the incident.
- Give care based on your skills and knowledge. Dial 911 immediately for emergency situations.
- Use universal precautions – Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) when available.
- Use disposable gloves to avoid direct contact with blood, bodily fluids.
- Try to cover your own cuts, sores, wounds, and any skin conditions with a bandage before responding.
- Stay at the scene to comfort and calm the ill or injured person until help arrives.
- Do not immediately move the ill or injured person. If you act inappropriately, the injury may worsen.
- If you suspect that a victim has suffered a spinal or neck injury, do not move or shake the victim.
- It is vital you do not provide First Aid to a person that refuses to give you permission. Follow these steps.
- If the person is responsive, tell them you are trained in First Aid and ask if you can help. Permission is implied if you come upon a person who is unconscious or unable to respond.
- If the person agrees, give First Aid.
- If the person refuses help, activate EMS (call 911).
- Always check for medical alert tags on the ill or injured, especially on the neck, wrist, and ankle – pass this information on to the EMS.
- If the person is confused, assume that they want your help. Proceed carefully and explain what you are doing and how you are helping them.